About Singapore

The Thriving Cosmopolitan City

The Republic of Singapore, the heart of Southeast Asia, is an island country made up of 63 islands between Malaysia and Indonesia and has a land area of about 710 square kilometres, making her one of the smallest countries in the world and the smallest in the region - hence the moniker "The Little Red Dot". Founded as a British trading colony in 1819, Singapore is a parliamentary republic today and had its English name derived from the Malay word Singapura, which means Lion City. Although small in size, Singapore commands an enormous presence in the world today with its free trade economy and highly efficient workforce. Also, her strategic location in the region has enabled her to become a central seaport along major shipping routes.

Singapore is a bustling cosmopolitan city populated with high-rise buildings and landscape gardens. Brimming with a harmonious blend of culture, cuisine, arts and architecture, Singapore is a dynamic city that's rich in contrast and colour. At present, Singapore's population stands at about five million people, with English as the main language of instruction, and a mother tongue for each major ethnicity. In fact, you can even say that Singapore embodies the finest of both East and West. Between the absolutely stunning skyline and the continuously growing subway system, you can find a high bandwidth of cultural influences namely the Chinese, Malay, Indian and Eurasian. Each community offers a different perspective of life in Singapore in terms of culture, religion, food and language.

Being a multi-racial society, Singapore is as diverse as it is cohesive. With so much to see and do, this is perhaps best experienced through your encounters with the locals. And if you're feeling nostalgic and looking to discover old world charm, you can explore and experience the island's key historical landmarks or memorials. You can also embark on a heritage trail and enjoy the sights and sounds at various cultural precincts at this modern city, famous for its multifarious offering of food - day or night, the shimmering nightlife and multifaceted possibilities for shopping. As a technically advanced and well-educated city, Singapore is the springboard into the Asian world.

Official languages in Singapore are English, Tamil, Chinese and Malay.

The city has a tropical rainforest climate without distinctive seasons. Uniform temperature lies between 23 and 32 degrees Celsius with an extremely high humidity of some 90%. Expect plenty of sunshine, with the occasional rain storm, especially during the year-end periods.


Singapore is one of the five founding members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), the host of APEC Secretariat, a member of the East Asian Summit, the Non-Alignment Movement and the Commonwealth. It became one of the world's prosperous countries with a strong international trading with a per capita GDP of 43.867 US$ (59.813 S$) equal of the leading nations of Western Europe.

With its progressiveness, finesse and unique, multi-cultural Asian character, Singapore is a representation of the fresh exuberance that marks the entire region. It is a place where tradition and modernity, East and West meet and mingle comfortably.

Strategic location, superb infrastructure and excellent facilities such as world-class hotels offering unparalleled service; an extensive range of state-of-the-art facilities; a modern communication network; the world's best airport with excellent air links; are just a few of what makes Singapore an excellent business destination for business opportunities, meetings, conferences and exhibitions.

With 60% of the world's population residing in Asia, many have made Singapore the business springboard into the Asian region. An economic and trading hub with a base of over 5,000 multinational companies (MNCs) makes Singapore the natural focal point for growth opportunities.


Singapore boasts a highly comprehensive and efficient public transportation system. It is also easy and inexpensive to get around Singapore on the integrated transport system of efficient air-conditioned bus services, modern Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) lines and affordable taxi services. The city's metro or subway is commonly referred to as the "MRT" or Mass Rapid Transit. Existing and upcoming lines on the MRT make it possible and extremely easy to find your way around the island. if you do not find yourself along the MRT lines, public buses and taxis are also a common means of transport. Both options are safe and reliable. Taxis are metred, as required by law.

Visit www.publictransport.sg for more information.

Attractions & Leisure Activities

As published on yoursingapore.com by the Singapore Tourism Board.
From scrumptious eats to diverse cultural heritage and exhilarating events, what’s there not to love about Singapore?
Plan ahead for your getaway to this sunny city soon. YourSingapore shares 10 of the most irresistible reasons why Singapore should be top on your travel list this year.

1. Have Non-stop Fun All Year-Round


Packed with concerts and exciting entertainment options, Singapore’s vibrant events calendar means that there is always something to do on this sunny island. Annual highlights include the multicultural dance, music, and visual feast at Chingay Parade, the indie music line-up at Laneway Festival 2016 and the spectacular fireworks finale at Marina Bay Singapore countdown party.

Sporting fans won’t miss out either, for Singapore also plays host to major international events such as the HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series, WTA Finals and the Formula One Singapore Grand Prix.

2. The Arts Hub of Southeast Asia


If you love the arts, then Singapore is the city to visit for museum hopping. Start at the newly opened National Gallery Singapore, which houses the world’s largest public display of modern Southeast Asian Art. Then make your way to the Singapore Art Museum and Singapore Pinacothèque De Paris before capping the night at Esplanade Theatres by the Bay with theatrical performances and spectacular riverside views.

Key annual events such as the Singapore Art Week and Singapore International Festival of Arts bring together international and regional stars from the contemporary art scene, so don't forget to bookmark those dates.

3. A Multicultural Melting Pot


From a confluence of diverse cuisines to a myriad of architectural styles, Singapore truly is a city where cultures meet. Join in the festivities with the locals who go all out to celebrate Lunar New Year, Deepavali, Hari Raya Adilfitri, Christmas and other cultural and religious festivals throughout the year. Be sure to visit historic precincts such as Little India, Kampong Glam and Chinatown.

You’ll be amazed by the colourful array of heritage buildings and places of worship within our city; some temples date as far back as the early 1800s!

4. Be Amazed by Awe-Inspiring Architecture


Let the city’s wide array of old-meets-new architecture astound you. Wander around the historic buildings of the Civic District in the day, as you explore Singapore’s top museums and popular shopping malls. You could just as easily escape the city's bustle by visiting neighbourhoods like Tiong Bahru and Joo Chiat, which are lined with Instagram-perfect shophouses.

Don’t miss the chance to see Singapore’s spectacular skyline. Choose from the many rooftop bars in town for the best views come sundown when the Central Business District skyscrapers light up to form a postcard-worthy view.

5. A Food Paradise


Foodies are spoilt for choice at the sheer variety of cuisines and dishes to try in Singapore, for this city is where you can feed your love for food. Try the best of local dishes such as chicken rice, chilli crab, kaya toast (coconut jam spread on toast), nasi biryani (rice cooked with Indian spices, usually served with mutton, chicken or fish) and more well-loved favourites at popular hawker centres such as Maxwell and Amoy Street. Indulge in Mod-Sin (Modern Singapore) gourmet cuisine, which gives local dishes an interesting twist. Local chefs will soon up their culinary game for the upcoming Singapore Michelin Guide 2016; the first to be published in a Southeast Asian country.

Be sure to check out food events like the Singapore Food Expo 2016 and Singapore Food Festival, for more mouth-watering meals to feast on.

6. Enjoy Greenery Throughout the City


Singapore has earned its 'garden city' moniker for a good reason, for it’s a city filled with parks and greenery. Everywhere you turn, you’ll find a plethora of flora and foliage lining our streets. Top-of your must-visits should include Singapore Botanic Gardens, a tropical garden that is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

For a super-sized garden experience, head to Gardens by the Bay to view the gigantic ‘supertree’ vertical gardens and the cool conservatories.

7. Be Spoilt with Nightlife Options


Keen to stay up till late while in the city? Night owls will find an eclectic variety of dining and clubbing options. Dance the night away at Clarke Quay, Marina Bay and more after hour spots, if you’re in the mood to party. Those in search of something more relaxed can hit the laid-back beach bars and cocktail hotspots with panoramic views.

For cosy gatherings, the restaurant-bars at Club Street and Dempsey Hill are the locations to go to. Supper locations in town can curb those late night hunger pangs too.

8. Top-notch Entertainment for the Family


Whether you’re in search of stellar views or amusement park fun, you’re certain to find something for everyone. Keep the whole family entertained with kid-friendly attractions such as the Singapore Zoo, River Safari, Universal Studios Singapore and S.E.A Aquarium, just to name a few. Then end your evening on a high note with a ride on the Singapore Flyer, which offers panoramic views of the city.

9. A Shopper’s Dream Destination


Singapore is a shopper’s paradise and there are options aplenty for all budgets. Be it the famed Orchard Road shopping belt, the luxurious boutiques at Marina Bay Sands or the indie stores at Haji Lane, you’re sure to find fabulous buys to meet your shopping needs. Not to fret if you have yet to find last-minute souvenirs. You could even head to the Singapore Changi Airport early for a spot of duty-free shopping. With its array of stores, the airport has become a shopping destination in itself!

10. The Ultimate Cruise Gateway


As the cruise hub of Southeast Asia, it’s so easy to plan a cruise getaway from Singapore. You’ll get first-class facilities to boot, thanks to the many cruise liners to choose from. While en route to island destinations such as Redang and Bali, you’ll get to soak in the pool, eat to your heart's content and even go ice-skating on these luxurious cruises.

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